Definition of Chromosome (cytology, genetics) A linear arrangement of condensed DNA and associated proteins (such as chaperone proteins) which contains the genetic material (genome) of an organism.
How to use Chromosome in Sentences?
- 1. At the other division each chromosome simply splits as in ordinary cell division. 🔊
- 2. The X chromosome in the male is represented by an open bar, the Y chromosome is bent. 🔊
- 3. It is always a maternal and a paternal chromosome that meet in this way and always two of the same kind. 🔊
- 4. In consequence a part of one chromosome comes to be now on one side and now on the other side of its mate. 🔊
- 5. The normal chromosome group of the female is shown in figure 52 and the chromosome group of one of the exceptional females is shown in figure 69. 🔊
- 6. All the mature eggs of such a female contain one white-producing X chromosome represented by the open bar in the diagram. 🔊
- 7. It is important to note that mutations in the first chromosome are not limited to any part of the body nor do they affect more frequently a particular part. 🔊
- 8. Thus a result that seemed in contradiction with the chromosome hypothesis has turned out to give a brilliant confirmation of that theory both genetically and cytologically. 🔊
- 9. Other evidence has shown that the Y chromosome of the male is indifferent, so far as these Mendelian factors are concerned. 🔊
- 10. Each half of each chromosome separates from its fellow, and moves to the opposite end of the nucleus toward the two centrosomes (Fig. 31). 🔊
- 11. Every notch winged female has one X chromosome that carries the factor for notch and one X chromosome that is "normal". 🔊
- 12. Any egg fertilized by a Y-bearing sperm will produce a male that will also have red eyes because he gets his (black) X chromosome from his mother. 🔊
- 13. If our map includes the entire length of the chromosomes and if we assume factors are uniformly distributed along the chromosome at distances equal to the shortest distance yet observed, viz. 🔊
- 14. In fact, since each factor may affect visibly several parts of the body at the same time there are no grounds for expecting any special relation between a given chromosome and special regions of the body. 🔊